Dynamic simulation of sails

Discussion in 'Sailboats' started by Mikko Brummer, May 16, 2006.

  1. Mikko Brummer
    Joined: May 2006
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    Location: Finland

    Mikko Brummer Senior Member

  2. dimitarp
    Joined: Feb 2006
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    Location: Bulgaria

    dimitarp Junior Member

    Very useful link. I deal with dynamic simulation of sails too.
  3. Tim B
    Joined: Jan 2003
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    Location: Southern England

    Tim B Senior Member

    Very interesting,

    I have also considered using a vortex-lattice method and FEA for sail optimisation.

    I would be interested to know why you chose to use only 100 panels for the 470 sails. Typically, I'd have expected to see at least 5000, probably more. After all, CPU time is cheap these days.

    I have heard that the use of 3D CFD with adaptive grids is now being considered to help solve this problem. That will require some serious cluster computing.

    Tim B.
  4. Mikko Brummer
    Joined: May 2006
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    Mikko Brummer Senior Member

    Back in 1990, when that 470 run was done, CPU time was a major concern. It took 2 hours 20 minutes for the Mac SE-30 to solve that set of sails at the time.

    For vortex lattice, you don't need more panels than that, it is quite accurate with 100 or so - for wings with thickness & general panel methods, you need more panels. Not so awfully many though, as you can see from the included panel method simulation on a Star. N-S simulations are of course in a class of their own, requiring easily 100.000 elements or so.

    Attached Files:

  5. DSmith
    Joined: Dec 2004
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    Location: Sydney

    DSmith Junior Member

    Flatting of spinnakers

    From the website under Gaussian curvature & sail shape: "In sail terms, if the sail gets more curved in the vertical direction, it will get less curved (flatter) in the horizontal direction. This is what happens when you lift the spinnaker pole, for instance".

    That would explain why unstayed flexible spinnaker poles work so well on skiffs. When a gust hits, the pole bends (dramatically) decreasing the distance between head and tack causing it to get more curved up the luff but flatter in horizontal section and hence depowering. Another trick is to flatten a spinnaker by easing the halyard.

    I have never heard a sensible explanation of this effect and was hence dubious of the claim.
  6. MikeJohns
    Joined: Aug 2004
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    Location: Australia

    MikeJohns Senior Member

    I'd like to have a look but the site is not talking to my computer.

    Get a 404


  7. BillyDoc
    Joined: May 2005
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    Location: Pensacola, Florida

    BillyDoc Senior Member

    Hey Mike,

    It's working now, I just tried it.

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