# damage

Discussion in 'Stability' started by jollyricard, Dec 27, 2010.

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### jollyricardJunior Member

ok, now my problem is:
How do I determine the position of center of gravity of the three conditions
test prescribed by the SOLAS?

2. Joined: Sep 2010
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### nettersheimConsultant

You are free to choose position of center of gravity (KG) as you like provided in the end you get the Holly Graal :

A (attained index) > R (required index)

Obviously it should make sense with intact stability figures and you will have to determine final GM enveloppe curve coping with intact and damage criterias.

It is a long way to Holly Graal

François-Xavier Nettersheim

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### ontwerpNaval Architect

How to define initial case GM or KG's

Some ideas are:

1. Put your design or intact stability book load cases in a graph of draught vs. gm for each load case.
2. Draw an envelope curve between the draughts of the initial conditions (with the line being above all the GM's.)
3. If some of your loadcases don't fit the line and they are not critical, then change them.
4. Consider if you want your ship to function mostly at one draught or at a range of draughts when you draw your line (make the curve slope to the point where you want to maximize your capacity, or make a valley where you want the range).
5. Make sure you have enough ballast capacity to achieve your DL GM!

It is not too strange to have your DL GM 4x as high as your DS condition.
Depending on your type of ship you could start with DL at 2.5m, DP at 0.65m and DS at 0.60m for your GM values if you have no load cases besides your lightest seagoing (which you need to calculate your draught and trim for your initial conditions). Then after starting with those values you can easily optimize (increase or lower GM values - keeping load cases in mind) until you have an A>R. (Assuming you use a damage stability software like NAPA or Delftship which allows for quick easy optimization.)

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### jollyricardJunior Member

ok, many thanks
but
I do not understand the following problem:
solas 2009 or not?
must I verify only these conditions?
must I to fix the center of gravity of these conditions?
must I to fix trim for these conditions ?

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### ontwerpNaval Architect

ds - subdivision draught or design draught, this is decided by you or the result of the maximum summer draught from freeboard calculation
dl - lightest seagoing draught (including trim from load case) normally ballast arrival condition - you make this loadcase depending on your minimum draught forward from your slamming calculation for your foreship construction, or depending on damage stability (it can be a feedback loop, if your ship is not meeting index raise the GM, but then you have to add ballast to loadcase to meet minimum GM from damage stability, but then you have to change DL in damage calculation)
dp - related to dl and ds, according to solas 2009 rules

You must fix GM for these conditions. The GM values you choose will become your damage stability minimum GM criteria.

Does that help?

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### jollyricardJunior Member

yes, thank you;
now I think I have solved my problem

7. ### chandru447Previous Member

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send me an mail chandru447@gmail.com

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### smpJunior Member

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