Vinylester question

Discussion in 'Materials' started by Guest, Jan 27, 2002.

  1. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Maybe if you were going to compare two different types of foam you would use similar specs. Divinycell H100 is a 6.3 pound foam. CoreCell A550 is a 5 pound foam. Why did you not compare H80 to A550?

    H80 is a 5 pound foam

    H80's shear is 138 and H100's is 193.

    Just curious?

  2. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Core Cell - CoreCell

    Also H80's shear modulus 4495.
  3. Guest

    Guest Guest

  4. Anthony DeLima
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    Anthony DeLima Junior Member

    2 Years ago I presented a paper on the cure kenetics of VE resins. First off the Dow Derakane manuel is a very good place to start. At first you will notice that the curing of a VE resin is no laughing matter. The degree of cure is directly related to strength development and durability. In every case with a room temperature cure regardless of the promotion package and catalyst we did not acheive the published Tg 2's (in fact we were not even close). Truth be told the published figures were probably based on elevated temperature cured coupons. So the long and short of it is that you are welcome to a copy of the paper I would be glad to send it out as an e-mail attachment.
  5. Guest

    Guest Guest

    The reason he did not compare H80 with A550 is because the density of H80 is 5 pcf (min 4.5 pcf). A550 has a min density of 5.7 pcf according to ATC's literature. H100 is a 6.25 pcf foam with a min density of 5.6 pcf.
  6. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Divinycell vs. CoreCell

    Yes and it should be noted that both companies tested on their own using slightly different test methods. These were NOT results by independent study comparing both cores at the same time using identical method of testing.

    So you cannot fairly compare using one companies figures against the other.
  7. Theo
    Joined: Apr 2004
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    Theo Junior Member

    Cores are preferences of the manufacturers. But as the best under impact and compreson balsa seems to be the best. Just make sure water doesnt get into it. Under infusion all the airvoids should be sealed with resin. Different strokes for different folks.
  8. Guest

    Guest Guest

    future builder

    All this talk about cores.. My current boat is 1982 fiberglass. Its not cored in the hull, its solid glass and gives me zero trouble. The decks are glass and have no core foam material. By viewing, it appears to MAYBE have wood on the decks in between the outer layer and inner layer of mat within the boat itself. No place on the deck is squishy, cracked, leaky or other. The reason I suspect some wood in the decks is the house and flybridge have a layer of wood. Several holes have been drilled and I can see wood in there, in between layers of glass. So yes htere is some amount of water infusion into strutures that has not manifiested any type of issue in 22 years... I guess if I drilled holes every 2 inches many years ago I might maybe have to fix the rot, maybe?

    My quesiton then is why would you want or need to use core material. Seems to me that there is much debate over something that is not needed and can apparently cause issues. What is it I am missing here.. What are advantages of any core over good old glass layers and a small amount of wood for structure? Or for that matter, just plain layers of glass.

  9. Vanbokklen
    Joined: Jun 2004
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    Vanbokklen Junior Member

    sp systems .pdf

    Did anyone save that pdf by sp systems that Jeff posted in this thread? The number two post in this thread?
  10. zerogara
    Joined: Aug 2004
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    zerogara build it and sail it

    This has been one of the most informative threads I've seen on this forum. All this talk about testing made me think of why and why not lab testing is appropriate. Laboratory work by definition is aimed into simulating an isolated system from real life and measuring variables and analyzing to deduce some facts, support a theory compare ....etc.
    Impact testing: Slaming on waves on a boat's bottom is not the same as taking a hammer and slaming it on a piece of composite. Yes and no, I think.
    What if the hull was of a model and it had a total surface of 1 sq.foot and the testing hammer has also 1 sq.foot? So size is of the essence.
    What does it mean when one takes a 1/2 sq.inch hammer/rod and exerts pressure on a laminate? Depending on the method of lamination, thickness etc. there is a minimum area that is affected by this pressure on that 1/ point and from that point on the effect of that specific pressure and/or impact is negligible. Or the moments reacting to the force become neglidgible from some distance away. Is the material on the edge of your transom really affected by a rod carrying a 50lb force on near the bow? Not really, but 10" away there are measurable reactions. And I'm not talking about a 10" model again but let's say a 30' boat. Impact is also different than force/pressure on a surface. It has to do with energy absorption.
    The hammering test might be usefull to figuring out how the hull would react to impact with a floating or submerged object, not of wave slamming. Helmet testing is all about energy absorption and not total surface pressure.

    Just some loose thoughts from reading through this great thread.

    There is MORE than one thinks that can NOT transfer from physics and laboratory environments into creation and real situation testing. Computer modeling has speed up the circle of design. producing. testing.failing.redesigning.....etc...etc..
    Design, build, break, go back and do it better...
    Imagine the fool that designed a boat, had it built to every detail, packed it all with a year's worth of supplies and took off to go around the globe and break a record.

    That's the fun of it all.
  11. War Whoop
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    War Whoop Senior Member

    We use drop hammer testing ,a by product ot that will tell you good news or bad! like the If's you can reach the dock in event of mishap!
  12. OldYachtie
    Joined: Jan 2006
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    OldYachtie Junior Member

    Room Temp Vinylester Resin 100-HF (33375-30).pdf

    Reichhold makes a vinylester resin designed for room temperature cure. It is Hydrex HF100, and its elongation to failure is 3%, compared to maybe 2% for polyester resins. In general, its properties seem typical for vinylester resins. It is quite low in viscosity, and is meant for vacuum infusion.

    Re vinylester curing temp: Does this difference reduce over time? 176 degrees farenheit (or so) is a pretty high temperature for a boatshop. Talk about a sweatshop. But hey, it isn't the heat, its' the resin fumes, right?[/QUOTE]

  13. mcollins07
    Joined: Jan 2006
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    mcollins07 Senior Member

    Benefit of Composite

    A composit gives you much more strength for the weight of the material. If you have a 1" layer of core glued between two 1/4" layers of fiberglass it will be almost as stiff as 1.5" of fiberglass. The compresability is closer to the compresability of the fiberglass than to the compresability of the core material. Overall it is a much stronger material with much less weight. The ratio of the thickness of the core to the thickness of the shell (fiberglass) is critical to optimizing for the properties you want. For something like a boat, you might choose to have a thicker shell layer on the outside than on the inside. This would increase you impact resistance from the outside, but only provide a stiffness close to a liminate with two shell layers of the smaller thickness. So, you can tailor a composit to get the optimum properties for the amount least amount of matrials, cost, and weight.

    In regard to using plywood and keeping it simple, using plywood as a core matrial is a very reasonable choice for a home built boat. The plywood is easy to work with, the builder is usually already familar with its properties, etc. Laminating the wood with expoxy gives drastically improved properties over just the wood. If you are trying to create a racer, this is probably not the best choice, because your core matrial is probably heavier than your competitors.

    Hopefully this gives you an idea of how to use the concepts and you can review literature on the Modulus of Elasticity to work out numbers.

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