Catamaran hull difference sail / power

Discussion in 'Multihulls' started by Fanie, Oct 23, 2007.

  1. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    Hi, thanks for taking the time out to look here.

    Fistly I'm not interested in a ski boat catamaran. The other members in our group also suggested that they feel the same way about this.

    The boat type that did get our attention is something like the sailing catamaran. Maximum size would be 8m x 5m, foldable to be trailable.

    Questions -

    Are there fundamental differences between a sailing catamaran's hull's and an outboard or inboard's hull design ?

    If there are, can one compromise these to be suitable for both conditions ?
     
  2. Jarrod
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    Jarrod Marine Designer

    Dear Fanie,

    Yes there are fundamental differences between sailing and power catamaran hull forms. Firstly sailing cats require rocker in the hulls for tacking etc, where this is not required as such for power catamarans, it will hinder the performance/efficiency of the power catamarans.

    Note: Boats are all about compromises.

    What operational speed would you require for the power catamaran?
     
  3. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    Hello Jarrod,

    Sorry for the slow response - meeting. Yuk.

    Well, of course it would be nice to have something that can do 134.6035445km/hr, but that's unrealistic of course.

    Ideally if it's possible to achieve a decent planing speed would be nice. Since you mentioned the bowed or rounded hulls it's actually quite logical, but also not. The power boat would like a streighter (and more flat) rear hull in contrast, I imagine for easier planing since a planing boat is kept on the water only on the rear aft part of the hull. The streight hull would cause a yacht to tack more difficult and may cause more drag.

    If this is correct, what would be the middle way or a way around this ? Assume one does go for the power boat rear hull, but uses oversize rudders for tacking when under sail ?

    On the other hand if the sailing hull's curved rear is maintained, you may get that the outboards begin to run on top of the water when the hulls pushes up on the water to begin planing ? while if adjusted to the correct hight for planing at slow speed would tend to drown the motors.

    In the one case the boat gets dragged and in the other it gets pushed. It's like an aeroplane prop and a wind generator's prop.

    How about a small planing hull that tilts down with the outboard that would push up against the hull of the yacht to prevent water from rising up. This could force water out at the motor's cavitation plate level ?

    Any ideas ?
     
  4. tuks
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    tuks Junior Member

    Im no yacht designer, but I thought that cat hulls are narrow enough that hull speed does not apply. Essentially they can go much faster than a wide hull and dont experience the "hull speed hump" and therefore dont plane.

    I think there will be a big difference in the beam between motor and sailing catamarans. You will need widley spaced hulls for stability to counteract sail forces, and this is probably not necessary for a motor cat.

    Infact Disregard all that and take advice from somebody who knows what they are talking about.
     
  5. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    Hi Tuks.

    As I have it you may find a yacht hull may tend to skid more sideways when turning and may not turn as sharply as a ski boat will as the sides will byte in the water while the motors force the turn for the ski boat.
     
  6. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    Here... seems it's not really that new either.

    http://www.2hulls.com/used_power_catamarans_2006/Katmando.html

    http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_1999_Jan_29/ai_53669145
    The Moorings 37 Power Catamaran allows guests to cover more cruising ground in less time and is appealing to both power boaters and sailors, said Hans Birkholz, vice president of global sales and marketing for The Moorings. The power cats offer stability, long range, a shallow draft and ease of handling. They provide our guests with another excellent choice when selecting a yacht for charter

    A-ha !

    In Durban -
    http://www.maximyachts.com/maxim400powergallery.htm
     
  7. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    Ok if we can step off the issue of how wide a catemaran should be, can anyone suggest a hull type or form that may be more or less suitable for sailing as well as with an outboard ?

    What would be the golden middle way if possible ?
     
  8. Basjan
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    Basjan Basjan

    Hi Fanie

    Stay with your idea.

    An alternative will be a trimaran.
    It will give you the benefit of "breaking it up" for trailering and allow you the benefit of having an outboard motor in a central position with the steering and other controls.
    You'll just have to find out what size motor would be sufficient.
    A Trimaran will give you more deck space as well, so you might even want to add a fighting chair for those big marlins.
     
  9. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    I like the way you think !
     
  10. Trevlyns
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    Trevlyns Senior Citizen/Member

    Ok Manne! I’ve got it!

    Let’s all chip in together and get something like this… :D :D :D
     

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  11. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    Nah ! Not enough deck space :D
     
  12. Basjan
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    Basjan Basjan

  13. Fanie
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    Fanie Fanie

    Hi Basjan,

    I have an idea of what I want. The tri has some advantages, like you need to fit only one motor and it can be a big one for speed, best is you mount it in the centre of the vesel which you cannot do with a cat unless maybe you make something special for that. Two motors for sea going req could become somewhat crowded especially if you want to add a rudder system with it

    The other problem may be space in the tri, the cat does offer two hull's and a cabin with more space and should be more comfy.

    To get back to the catamaran hull shape. If one flattens the rear part of the hull, how will it behave as to the rounded shape ?
     
  14. tuks
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    tuks Junior Member


  15. terhohalme
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    terhohalme BEng Boat Technology

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