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  #61  
Old 11-20-2006, 07:13 PM
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brian eiland brian eiland is offline
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Originally Posted by water addict View Post
This does not seem true to me. I cannot think of any sizeable modern boat where the shroud and stay attachment is not a specified structure to handle the rig load. Can you give an example of this? I'll be sure not to buy that type of boat.
Lets put this way, there are quite a few builders that believe they can simply put a BIG SLAB of stainless steel ‘chainplate’ at the side of the hull shell, and thru bolt it, and that is adequate for attaching the shrouds, etc. In many cases this is true, and it has worked out okay. It’s not exactly an ‘engineered solution’, and in the case of unballasted boats seeking to be very lt-weight, it’s certainly not a finessed solution. I don’t think Alinghi nor some of the ocean racing multihulls would be satisfied with these ‘brute solutions’, but I have seen more than a few cruising multis with these same big slabs of SS.

I don’t really care to get into a name calling exercise here, but I might make the suggestion that you have a discussion with some of your local boat surveyors. I imagine they have quite a number of stories they can relay on any number of cases.

And then just consider the many thousands of vessels that ‘tabbed’ their bulkheads and other reinforcements (substructures?) in with polyester resin wetted-out fabric. Polyester resin is great for sticking to shoes and skin, but it certainly doesn’t like to stick to itself. Ask your surveyors about some of these problems….how many has he seen come unbonded.

How many production manufacturers might suggest that it’s okay to hoist their vessels up by the chainplates….this should be doable, right?
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  #62  
Old 11-21-2006, 09:32 AM
water addict water addict is offline
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Originally Posted by brian eiland View Post
Lets put this way, there are quite a few builders that believe they can simply put a BIG SLAB of stainless steel ‘chainplate’ at the side of the hull shell, and thru bolt it, and that is adequate for attaching the shrouds, etc. In many cases this is true, and it has worked out okay. It’s not exactly an ‘engineered solution’, and in the case of unballasted boats seeking to be very lt-weight, it’s certainly not a finessed solution. I don’t think Alinghi nor some of the ocean racing multihulls would be satisfied with these ‘brute solutions’, but I have seen more than a few cruising multis with these same big slabs of SS.

I don’t really care to get into a name calling exercise here, but I might make the suggestion that you have a discussion with some of your local boat surveyors. I imagine they have quite a number of stories they can relay on any number of cases.

And then just consider the many thousands of vessels that ‘tabbed’ their bulkheads and other reinforcements (substructures?) in with polyester resin wetted-out fabric. Polyester resin is great for sticking to shoes and skin, but it certainly doesn’t like to stick to itself. Ask your surveyors about some of these problems….how many has he seen come unbonded.

How many production manufacturers might suggest that it’s okay to hoist their vessels up by the chainplates….this should be doable, right?
Maybe so- perhaps the builders aren't following the plans properly. There are lots of examples of builders short-cutting the plans without checking the engineering, in not just boats. But isn't that less rare in modern production boats where the risk of liability is a lot higher than in the past (dunno, just a query)? Also I mistakenly was thinking of monohulls as I don't frequent cruising multis often.

I would guess with some of the cruising multis designed for charter type sailing that they are quite robustly built and that the hull skin is fine in shear and the deck skin is plenty strong to disperse the compression load developed by the shrouds. But dunno for sure. It would seem any nav.arch. would do at least a cursory check of the chainplate structure when developing the design, but maybe not. Whether the builders build to spec....
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  #63  
Old 11-23-2006, 05:12 AM
kimper kimper is offline
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Gutelle method

Hello,

see Gutelle method "FRENCH MAST VI-II.pdf" in previous post

Is anyone could explain me the mathematical process to find the load in genoa (noted A and D). I am not quite sure about my own result.
kimper
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  #64  
Old 11-23-2006, 03:37 PM
MikeJohns MikeJohns is offline
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Kimper
I worked through his method a while back unfortunately I seem to have deleted the mathcad file.
I seem to remember that he didn't give a full analysis for the headsails as he did for the main. If I get time I'll I'll check my backups.

Where do you get stuck?
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  #65  
Old 11-26-2006, 07:23 PM
Kiteship Kiteship is offline
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Originally Posted by brian eiland View Post
The Boat ‘Is’ the Structure
From a recent article in Seahorse magazine, “Alinghi, Birth of a Crazy Boat”, this paragraph emerges, “The boat ‘is’ the structure. These boats are now so complex, and the loads so high, that structural aspects take on a particular high importance: imagine that on a 1.2 ton boat you can reach 23.7 tons of mast compression…levels seen on an IACC design weighing over 24 tons! Also one cable in the substructure is sized at 56 tons…it is amazing that such light boats can produce such enormous loads.”
It's interesting to me that designers are willing to tackle the enormous problem of accommodating these loads, and spend so little time developing means to eliminate them altogether. Kite rigs never develop--in any part of their structure--loads in excess of their actual net thrust.

A typical racing mainsail, say 500 sq ft, might develop a total force of some 500-750 lbs, in winds of 18-22 kts. In order to do so, it will directly develop mainsheet loads of more than a ton, forestay loads to match and shroud loads in the same range--and mast compression loads equal to the sum of all 4. If a multihull, this compression load will be taken by dolphin striker intoto water stays taking 6-8 tons of load (which is devolved back into compression of the forebeam)--all to get a lousy 500 lbs of sideforce out of the mainsail.

Is it too obvious to think that this is kinda, well, dumb, when you can use a kite which has no weight, and develops a *total* force of 500 lbs? The kite has no interior forces higher than this (if it did--say by design--such forces could be dissipated into multiple bridle lines at the source) and the only force on the hull is simple tension--applied at a single point, very close to the boat's daggerboard. The hull structure thus needs no ballast, no beam (beyond that needed at the dock to keep the boat upright), no "56 ton" water stays, no heavy crossbeams, no mast, no boom, no bowsprit, no central pod, no shrouds, on and on.

Sure, kites aren't yet developed sufficiently to replace mainsails. This I grant. Once upon a time *mainsails* were not sufficiently engineered to take the loads they routinely accept today; the science has progressed. My question is why is nobody working on the kite angle, despite the astonishing reduction in weight, inertia, windage, and cost they can offer? Alinghi cost an absolute bomb; for a small fraction of that sum, really high performance kites could have been developed, and these sort of problems would disappear for all time. I just don't get it...

Dave
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  #66  
Old 11-26-2006, 11:55 PM
Kaa Kaa is offline
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I just don't get it...
Dave
One word: "windward".

Kaa
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  #67  
Old 11-27-2006, 03:26 AM
kimper kimper is offline
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Originally Posted by MikeJohns View Post
Kimper
I worked through his method a while back unfortunately I seem to have deleted the mathcad file.
I seem to remember that he didn't give a full analysis for the headsails as he did for the main. If I get time I'll I'll check my backups.

Where do you get stuck?
Hello sorry for the late reply

i get stuck there

Quote:
By composition of E and Fx and decomposition of their resultant we obtain projections of the three forces from this point of view; We can measure their full scall value and their angles in the longitudinal and transverse planes
I would like to set up a spreadsheet but, even if i can do it graphically, i can't do it mathematicaly.
regards
kimper
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  #68  
Old 11-27-2006, 07:18 AM
water addict water addict is offline
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Originally Posted by Kiteship View Post
....
Sure, kites aren't yet developed sufficiently to replace mainsails. This I grant. Once upon a time *mainsails* were not sufficiently engineered to take the loads they routinely accept today; the science has progressed. My question is why is nobody working on the kite angle, despite the astonishing reduction in weight, inertia, windage, and cost they can offer? Alinghi cost an absolute bomb; for a small fraction of that sum, really high performance kites could have been developed, and these sort of problems would disappear for all time. I just don't get it...

Dave
I think it is more of a practical issue. For long voyaging, messing with a kite in trying conditions like green water pounding on deck, seems a tough one to get over. How to shorten sail if a squall comes up in 20 foot waves?

Maybe for shorter passages in conditions that are predictable it could be a good solution. Perhaps something like day charters in the Carribbean for some of the excursion cats I could see that working. Steady 15-20 knot trades, you could put a kite on a powered winch to reel it in and out, might work there?
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  #69  
Old 11-27-2006, 12:08 PM
Kiteship Kiteship is offline
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Originally Posted by water addict View Post
I think it is more of a practical issue. For long voyaging, messing with a kite in trying conditions like green water pounding on deck, seems a tough one to get over. How to shorten sail if a squall comes up in 20 foot waves?

Maybe for shorter passages in conditions that are predictable it could be a good solution. Perhaps something like day charters in the Carribbean for some of the excursion cats I could see that working. Steady 15-20 knot trades, you could put a kite on a powered winch to reel it in and out, might work there?
You miss my point, Water. You're speaking about *today's* kites. Kites today are where sails were 50, 80- years ago. My point was, if a fraction of the development work were put into kites that's been put into sails, they'd do anything sails can do today--at a fraction of the "cost" (not just dollars, but every possible definition of "cost")

Quote:
Originally Posted by Kaa View Post
One word: "windward".

Kaa
This is a very common misconception, Kaa. I've personally been sailing with kites--as high upwind as any sailboat--since 1978. Kites go to windward as well--and as fast--as any soft sail--today--and have the potential to go as well as any wingsail if optimized.

FWIW, I have a book about kite sailing published in 1827. The only engineering drawing in it describes precisely how to sail *upwind* with a kite. 1827.

Cheers,

Dave
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  #70  
Old 11-27-2006, 01:06 PM
Kaa Kaa is offline
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Originally Posted by Kiteship View Post
This is a very common misconception, Kaa. I've personally been sailing with kites--as high upwind as any sailboat--since 1978. Kites go to windward as well--and as fast--as any soft sail--today--and have the potential to go as well as any wingsail if optimized.
Interesting, I didn't know that. I've seen kite-propelled kayaks and canoes, but their rigs were billed as pure downwind ones. How does it work? Is the kite a wing, basically?

What's the biggest kite-powered boat that you know of?

Kaa
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  #71  
Old 11-27-2006, 02:55 PM
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Mychael Mychael is offline
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Dave,
Can you post some pics of these larger kites. (with ship attached).

Mychael
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  #72  
Old 11-27-2006, 03:38 PM
Kiteship Kiteship is offline
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No "ships," Mychael. As I said, our records are on smaller boats--to 50 tons. You can see photos at www.kiteship.com. You can see our competitors' work at www.skysails.info

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Dave,
Can you post some pics of these larger kites. (with ship attached).

Mychael
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  #73  
Old 11-27-2006, 03:46 PM
Kaa Kaa is offline
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The Guinness world record for largest kite ever to pull a vehicle...
Ah, I am sorry, I expressed myself unclearly.

What is the largest boat that you know of that uses kites as her ONLY method of propulsion? A boat that's used regularly for recreational or commercial purposes and is driven by nothing but kites?

You were making a point that in your view the conventional arrangements of mast(s), standing rigging, sails, etc. are a very inefficient way of generating propulsion from wind and that kites allow you to get as much force in a much simpler way.

That may or may not be true -- I don't know enough about kites to have an opinion -- but certainly getting enough force is not the only design objective of a wind-driven propulsion system. Among other things, there's also flexibility (aka ability to deal with different situations on the water) and it seem to my uneducated eye that this is the trade-off that kites make.

Yes, a kite will propel a boat across the water "simply". But the range of wind and wave conditions that a "conventional" sailboat can adapt to is much wider than what a pure kiteboat can tolerate. And if you want both conventional sails and kites, to get the best of both worlds, you're still stuck with the masts and rigging and all that :-)

Kaa
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  #74  
Old 11-27-2006, 04:03 PM
Kiteship Kiteship is offline
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Ah, I am sorry, I expressed myself unclearly.

What is the largest boat that you know of that uses kites as her ONLY method of propulsion? A boat that's used regularly for recreational or commercial purposes and is driven by nothing but kites?
There are none of any size (larger than, say, hobiecats). This is my point. The genre has such great potential it surprises me that almost no one is exploiting it.
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  #75  
Old 11-29-2006, 11:46 AM
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Stephen Ditmore Stephen Ditmore is offline
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At http://www.boatdesign.net/forums/sho...354#post112354 Guillermo posted a paper. Appendix G of that paper (page 95) details spar & rigging calculations. How do people feel about what they see there?

Kiteship: Have you seen What would you do with 40 sqm/430 sq' of sail? challenging people to a race on San Francisco Bay using 40m^2 of sail? I see no reason you couldn't use a kite. Are you in?
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